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Title: The Attitude of New South Wales Registered Nurses to Nursing Research: Factors and Influences
Contributor(s): Hengstberger-Sims, Cecily (author); Hansford, Brian (supervisor); Fitzgerald, Donald (supervisor)
Conferred Date: 1998
Copyright Date: 1997
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: Attitude is considered to have a major influence on the way a person understands, learns and behaves in a given situation. The type of attitude held by an individual may be positive or negative. This study was concerned with Australian nurses' attitude to nursing research. Guided by the literature, attitude to nursing research was considered to consist of several elements that may be modified by other influences such as self-esteem, job satisfaction and the unique characteristics of the nurse. Factor analysis and reliability estimates of results following a mail survey of 1,304 registered nurses in NSW revealed four factors (subscales): motivation, knowledge, support and enactment that could represent the construct 'attitude to nursing research'. The explained variance for the factors was below an acceptable standard and Rasch measurement analysis was used to provide an alternative method for validation of the subscales and subscale interval level scores through logistic transformation of the data. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the model including the effects of self esteem and job satisfaction. The model failed to support the conceptual hypothesis. Multivariate analysis of variance, together with univariate analysis of significant relationships was conducted to determine differences with subgroups in the sample. Significant differences (p<0.001) were found to exist for major area of practice (knowledge, enactment); continuing education (knowledge, motivation, enactment); and highest educational qualifications (knowledge, motivation, support, enactment). Significant interactions (p=<0.05) were observed for basic nurse training and continuing education (job satisfaction); and continuing education and highest educational qualifications (knowledge). To promote evidencedbased nursing practice, recommendations included encouragement of nurses who have been prepared to undertake research, selective continuing education, and a supportive work environment. The development of appropriate infrastructure to support nurses throughout the research process and strategies to increase the perception of the benefits of research were considered essential to decrease the research-practice gap and promote a positive attitude to nursing research.
Publication Type: Thesis Doctoral
Rights Statement: Copyright 1997 - Cecily Hengstberger-Sims
HERDC Category Description: T2 Thesis - Doctorate by Research
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