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Title: A multifaceted validation study of Spence and Robbins' (1992) Workaholism Battery
Contributor(s): McMillan, LHW (author); Brady, EC (author); O'Driscoll, MP (author); Marsh, Nigel Vincent  (author)
Publication Date: 2002
DOI: 10.1348/096317902320369758
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Abstract: Workaholism, an excessive focus on work without apparent economic reason, has been conceptualized by Spence and Robbins (1992) as comprising three dimensions; Work Involvement (WI), Enjoyment (E), and Drive (D). The corresponding measure, the Workaholism Battery (WorkBAT; Spence & Robbins, 1992) is widely used in workaholism research. Cluster and factor analyses in the present study of 320 employed participants failed to confirm Spence and Robbins' three-scale model of workaholism: only E and D were apparent (α=.85 and .75, respectively). Convergent validity was demonstrated by significant correlations between E and job satisfaction (.48), between D and intrinsic job motivation (.39) and with the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality-Workaholism scale (E=.27, D=.61). Criterion validity against hours worked was weak (E=.16, D=.22, respectively). Overall, the data endorse Kanai, Wakabayashi, and Fling's (1996) elimination of the Work Involvement factor in favour of a two-factor structure of workaholism.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 75(3), p. 357-368
Publisher: British Psychological Society
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 2044-8325
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920401 Behaviour and Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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