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|Title:||Which Stressors are Associated with Which Forms of Depression in a Homogenous Sample? An Analysis of the Effects of Lifestyle Changes and Demands on Five Subtypes of Depression||Contributor(s):||Bitsika, Vicki (author); Sharpley, Chris (author)||Publication Date:||2012||Open Access:||Yes||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/11626||Open Access Link:||http://www.gjpsy.uni-goettingen.de/gjp-article-bitsika-stressors.pdf||Abstract:||Background: Although depression is often considered as a single or unitary construct, evidence indicates the existence of several major subtypes of depression, some of which have distinct neurobiological bases and treatment options. Objective: To explore the incidence of five subtypes of depression, and to identify which lifestyle changes and stressor demands are associated with each of five established subtypes of depression, within a homogenous non-clinical sample. Method: 398 Australian university students completed the Effects of University Study on Lifestyle Questionnaire to identify their major stressors, plus the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale to measure their symptomatology. Regression analysis was used to identify which stressors were most powerful predictors of each depression subtype. Results: The five different subtypes of depression were predicted by a range of different stressors. Incidence of clinically significant scores for the subtypes of depression varied, with some participants experiencing more than one subtype of depression. Conclusions: Different depression subtypes were predicted by different stressors, potentially challenging the clinical validity of depression as a unitary construct. Although restricted in their generalisability to clinical patient samples, these findings suggest further targets for research with depressed patients.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||German Journal of Psychiatry, v.15, p. 23-31||Publisher:||Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen [University of Goettingen]||Place of Publication:||Germany||ISSN:||1433-1055||Field of Research (FOR):||110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 72
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