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Title: Effect of Branching and Molecular Weight on the Viscoelastic Properties of Poly(butyl acrylate)
Contributor(s): Former, C (author); Castro, J (author); Fellows, Christopher  (author)orcid ; Tanner, RI (author); Gilbert, RG (author)
Publication Date: 2002
DOI: 10.1002/pola.10424
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Abstract: A series of poly(butyl acrylate) samples were prepared by emulsion polymerization with a range of molecular weights and degrees of chain branching. Characterization was performed with NMR (giving the fraction of branching, ranging from approximately 0 to 7%), gel permeation chromatography, viscometry, and determination of the gel fraction. The dynamic mechanical response, that is, the frequency dependence of the storage and loss moduli G'(w) and G"(w) was measured from 0.02 to 200 Hz. The occurrence of a significant insoluble fraction in the sample meant that full characterization of the molecular weight distribution was not possible, and so an unambiguous separation of the dependencies of the mechanical response on the degree of long-chain branching (LCB) and short-chain branching (SCB) and the molecular weight could not be made; however, trends dependent on the molecular weight alone were insufficient to model the results. At high frequencies, all trends in G'(w) and G"(w) could be ascribed to molecular weight dependencies; at low frequencies, the effects of both the molecular weight and total degree of branching could be inferred, with more highly branched samples showing lower storage and loss moduli. Although the relative amounts of SCB and LCB could not be determined, no dynamic features attributable to LCB were observed. The low-frequency trends could be semiquantitatively fitted with reptation and retraction theory if it was assumed that an increased degree of SCB led to an increased tube size.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Polymer Science: Part A - Polymer Chemistry, 40(20), p. 3335-3349
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1099-0518
Field of Research (FOR): 030301 Chemical Characterisation of Materials
030305 Polymerisation Mechanisms
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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