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Title: A Latent Profile Analysis of Implicit and Explicit Cognitions Associated with Depression
Contributor(s): Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid ; Hine, Donald W  (author)orcid ; Bhullar, Navjot  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2012
DOI: 10.1007/s10608-011-9381-z
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Abstract: Dual-process cognitive profiles associated with depression were identified in an undergraduate sample (N = 306) and dysphoric sub-sample (n = 57). Two Latent Profile Analyses (LPAs) were conducted on four implicit and four explicit cognitions associated with depression (self-esteem, negative memory, positive memory and dysfunctional beliefs). The first LPA, performed on the total sample, produced a three-profile solution reflecting quantitative shifts from generally negative, through intermediate, to generally positive biases on both implicit and explicit indicators. Patterns of biases across the profiles were associated with incremental decreases in current depressive symptoms, and logistic regression revealed that profile membership significantly predicted depression status 3 months later. Sequential logistic regression indicated that implicit self-esteem was the strongest predictor of subsequent dysphoria. The second LPA, focusing on a subgroup of dysphoric participants, identified two qualitatively distinct profiles that may represent cognitive subtypes of depression: (1) a schematic profile with multiple negative biases and (2) a profile dominated by implicit negative memory. These results are consistent with the dual-process premise that implicit and explicit cognitive processes are involved in depression and suggest that treatment efficacy may be improved by incorporating strategies that address implicit cognitive biases.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(5), p. 458-473
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0147-5916
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520304 Health psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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