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Title: The Italians And Their Language In Australia
Contributor(s): Ryan, John S  (author)
Publication Date: 1974
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Abstract: It is appropriate to embark upon a survey of this kind at a time when migration to Australia from overseas has lost momentum and the economic recession of 1971, together with changing public attitudes, make it likely that there will be a considerable diminution in immigration from Europe, and that this external source of population increase for Australia may be relatively ignored for many years. It has also been the case, from the late 1960s, that with the improvement of the West-European economy and the creation of the Common Market, the source was already running out and that the Italian influence had almost certainly reached its all-time peak. ... During the second half of the nineteenth century, the Revolutions of the Risorgimento and the Wars of Independence had unsettled Italy politically and economically, and had forced many of her citizens to seek a haven overseas. They went to the Argentine, America, and Western Europe and they came to Australia. Further, late in the nineteenth century and early in this one economic conditions both in Apulia and Sicily were in a chaotic state. Poverty was widespread, and the political events of the period had not improved the lot of the ordinary working man, so that it was hard to retain a sense of pride in and identity with the motherland and the colonial experience was often a decisive one. Although individual Italians have settled in Australia in all periods and some have attained positions of importance, there was no very considerable influx of Italian settlers until the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Subsequently there was a fairly steady flow, both to and from Italy, with large numbers of arrivals during the immigration schemes following both World Wars.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: University of Malta Journal of the Faculty of Arts, VI [6](1), p. 52-91
Publisher: Malta University Press
Place of Publication: Msida, Malta
ISSN: 0035-9297
Field of Research (FOR): 200303 English as a Second Language
160803 Race and Ethnic Relations
160303 Migration
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 880299 Water Transport not elsewhere classified
950503 Understanding Australias Past
950304 Conserving Intangible Cultural Heritage
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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