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dc.contributor.authorRyan, John Sen
local.source.editorEditor(s): John S Ryanen
dc.identifier.citationNorway, p. 69-91en
dc.description.abstractFor literary and general cultural purposes, it is often convenient to treat the Scandinavian countries as a unit. While Iceland may have been the parent of the others, and Denmark may have borrowed unashamedly from Norway, as Sweden has from Finland, -- the fact remains that there is an historical cycle common to them all. In their classical autumn there came the saga; during the Gothic Middle Ages they were influenced greatly by the Church; for she developed their native gifts and began to acquaint them with a wider culture. After the Reformation, Paris, and finally Berlin, became in turn their centre of attraction. The Norse were rusticated by polite European society, so that they were driven back upon their own resources and in the seventeenth century a Dano-Norwegian translation of the Bible, together with the Sagas, was the staple literature of northern Europe. This reappearance of the Sagas had a lasting effect on Scandinavian writing. Character rather than scenery or setting, actions rather than personal motives or personal decisions, were emphasized by the classic authors; and this style was accepted by the moderns as one facet of a grand, unbreakable tradition. Human character in turn possessed certain marks by which it could be recognized and measured. The chief attribute would be the will for freedom. Adventurers, travellers and explorers, the Vikings had quested far afield in search of liberty: liberty to grow, after their kind, in physical and mental stature. And this quality has been the abiding strand in all the texture of Norwegian cultural and social life.en
dc.publisherUniversity of New Englanden
dc.relation.ispartofseriesGroup Study Coursesen
dc.titleIbsen and Dramaen
dc.typeBook Chapteren
dc.subject.keywordsCulture, Gender, Sexualityen
dc.subject.keywordsCentral and Eastern European Literature (incl Russian)en
dc.subject.keywordsEuropean History (excl British, Classical Greek and Roman)en
local.contributor.firstnameJohn Sen
local.subject.for2008200205 Culture, Gender, Sexualityen
local.subject.for2008210307 European History (excl British, Classical Greek and Roman)en
local.subject.for2008200509 Central and Eastern European Literature (incl Russian)en
local.subject.seo2008950301 Ahuatanga Maori (Maori Tradition)en
local.subject.seo2008950404 Religion and Societyen
local.subject.seo2008950504 Understanding Europes Pasten
local.profile.schoolSchool of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciencesen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.publisher.placeArmidale, Australiaen
local.title.maintitleIbsen and Dramaen
local.output.categorydescriptionB1 Chapter in a Scholarly Booken
local.description.statisticsepubsVisitors: 291<br />Views: 316<br />Downloads: 0en, John Sen
Appears in Collections:Book Chapter
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