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Title: The interplay of social context and personal attributes in immigrants' adaptation and satisfaction with the move to Australia
Contributor(s): Watt, Susan E (author)orcid ; Ramelli, Marcella (author); Rubin, Mark (author)
Publication Date: 2010
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Abstract: Previous psychological research into immigration has tended to focus either on immigrants' adjustive behaviours, such as their acculturation preference, or on community attitudes towards immigrants. Recent models bring these lines of research together. This study examined effects of immigrants' perceptions of acceptance or rejection by the broader community (inclusionary status) on their psychological adaptation and satisfaction, and how this operates together with acculturation preference and first friendships. One hundred thirty-seven immigrants to Australia from 46 countries completed an English-language questionnaire. Results showed good psychological adaptation to life in Australia and strong satisfaction. Contrary to previous findings, preference for assimilation predicted greater satisfaction. The one variable that consistently predicted psychological adaptation and satisfaction when all other variables were controlled was inclusionary status. This related with preference for contact with Australians. First friendships were also important. To the extent that first friendships were among Australians, participants reported greater social inclusion, and this mediated a relation with better psychological adaptation. The results speak to the importance of providing opportunities for immigrants to make new friends in the receiving community. Future research should address acculturation preferences among Australians, and examine a possible disjunct between government policy and mainstream attitudes.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: Migrant Security: Citizenship and Social Inclusion in a Transnational Era, Toowoomba, Australia, 15th - 16th July, 2010
Source of Publication: Migrant Security: 2010 - Refereed proceedings of the national symposium titled Migrant Security 2010: Citizenship and social inclusion in a transnational era, p. 209-216
Publisher: University of Southern Queensland
Place of Publication: Toowoomba, Australia
Field of Research (FOR): 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: E1 Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication
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