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Title: 'Ideal-Problem-Solution' (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIs) in Education
Contributor(s): Adnan, Zifirdaus  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1075/aral.34.1.05adn
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Abstract: Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from English RAIs. However, as these are early studies, their findings still awaits scrutiny, and little information on Indonesian RAIs especially in Education has been published. Several models describing discourse structure of research article introductions have been proposed, but they have been problematic when applied to analyse RAIs. This paper reports an examination of the applicability of two important models, the CARS (Swales, 1990) and the PJP model claimed to be an Indonesian model of Humanities RAIs (Safnil, 2000), using a selection of 21 Indonesian research article Introductions (RAIs) written by Indonesian academics in Education. It concentrates on the following questions: To what extent do these models fit the data and why? The examination found that none of the RAIs fit the CARS, and only less than half fit the PJP model for various reasons. Therefore a new model is proposed. This model fits most of the data. The paper claims that apart from national concerns, discourse patterns of RAIs are also affected by writing guides provided by the discipline.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 34(1), p. 75-103
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Co
Place of Publication: Netherlands
ISSN: 1833-7139
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 200313 Indonesian Languages
200401 Applied Linguistics and Educational Linguistics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture
959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
950202 Languages and Literacy
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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